The Parliament adopted today the legislative initiative of Parliament Speaker Adrian Candu on amendments to the Law no. 200 of July 16, 2010, on the regime of aliens in the Republic of Moldova and Law no. 180-XVI of July 10, 2008, on labour migration, which provides for facilitated access to the labour market of the Republic of Moldova for highly qualified foreign IT professionals. This initiative complements the efforts made by the authorities to increase the competitiveness of the Moldovan IT industry, creates an attractive environment in IT field in the context of preparing the creation of IT parks in the country and will stimulate the transfer of advanced technologies to the Republic of Moldova.
The new legislative amendments aim at supporting the IT field and start-ups in this area in order to create a prompt and efficient permissive framework for the access to the Republic of Moldova of people investing in IT, highly qualified specialists in this field, and members of their families, from both EU and non-EU countries.
This will help remove barriers for qualified IT specialists and managers, create a favourable environment for the IT industry development, develop new skills and expertise, innovation and increased economic opportunities for the Republic of Moldova, as well as stimulate technological transfer and investment in the country. At the same time, facilitation of legal framework for the residence of these categories of foreigners on the territory of our country will allow both multinational and national groups, including start-ups, to develop and make best use of human resources in the Republic of Moldova.
The law stipulates that IT specialists can carry out the activity for a period of up to 90 days cumulatively calculated during a period of 6 months, based on the request of the beneficiary legal entity from the Republic of Moldova and the resolution issued by the competent authority in the field of information technology, copies of the foreigner’s national passport, service contract, higher education and/or qualification documents and short stay visas, as appropriate. Also, the beneficiary legal person from the Republic of Moldova, within 3 working days from the date of entry of the foreigner into the country, shall submit to the competent authority for foreigners the declaration of the purpose and duration of the specialist’s stay in the country and attach the necessary documents.
At the same time, the right of temporary residence is granted for a cumulative period of up to 4 years, with the right to extend it, as the case may be, for a new similar period. The right of temporary residence of the IT specialist is granted upon the application form submitted by the foreigner, based on the request from the legal entity, resolution issued by the competent authority in the field of information technology, and necessary documents. At the same time, the right of temporary residence is granted to foreign IT specialists for a cumulative period of up to 2 years, with the right to extend it, as the case may be, for a new period specified in the contract.
In the Republic of Moldova the information and communication technology sector has a share of about 8 per cent of Gross Domestic Product, but the IT industry share is far below its potential – about 1% of GDP. Thus, the objective of the initiative is to use the potential of the Republic of Moldova in the IT field by attracting investments and new technologies in this field.
More than 400 active IT companies are registered in the Republic of Moldova, with about 20000 employees, of whom more than 10000 are work in IT industry. According to data provided by the State Registration Chamber, the number of IT companies with total or partial foreign capital is extremely reduced – about 1 percent of the total number of companies with domestic capital, which is below the average in developed countries, where this indicator is about 45 percent. At the same time, despite the increasing number of IT employees, there is a substantial shortage of highly qualified staff in the sector, estimated at about 1000 people.